Beijing is the capital city of the People's Republic of China and the third most famous city in the world. It is the hub of the nation's politics, culture and international meetups center in China. Beijing has a history of almost three millennia.
The earliest record of the world of Beijing came from the travel notes by Marco Polo is the young Italian travelers of the 13th century. Ancient culture and modern civilization are well integrated into the city. Millions of visitors, tourists, turn to Beijing to explore their rich culture as well as enjoy their beautiful nature and well-developed modern industry.
But this is not all. Beijing has a lot more to discuss. If you are planning to visit Beijing, then we are going to tell you some surprising facts which will develop more curiosity to visit this well-developed city.
Interesting Fun Facts About Beijing:
1) The city changed its name 15 times:
the city is enriched in history and culture with different people throughout the centuries that is why Beijing is not always famous for the name Beijing, and it used to call with different names such as,
- Jicheng means the City of Ji,
- Yanjing indicates the Capital of Yan, Nanjing means Southern Capital,
- Zhongdu means Central Capital,
- Dadu means Great Capital,
- Beiping which means Central Peace, etc.
Now since 1403, the city is known as Beijing.
2) Beijing is not the largest city in China:
Even though Beijing is the capital city of China yet is less populated as compared to Shanghai. Shanghai is considered the largest city by population in the world.
According to the analyses of 2015, the population of Beijing is over 22 million. And per municipalities counts, Beijing is still not the largest city but second-largest China's municipality of direct-controlled.
3) The most popular surname in Beijing is Wang:
According to the survey, Wang is the most popular surname in the city of Beijing with an impressive percentage. 11% of people in the city use Wang as their surname. So don't get surprised when you hear the name Wang more frequently when traveling to Beijing.
4) Beijing most famous food is parking duck:
It will be unfair if you go to Beijing and do not taste its outstanding cuisine, Beijing roasted duck.
This food is made from the white Beijing duck, which is roasted with compressed air injection between the duck and its skin. Hardwood like pear, peach, and date branches are used in it’s making to give fruity flavor and a reddish color on the skin of the duck.
5) Extreme climate conditions in Beijing:
The radical climate falls under the city. When it is a summer day, the temperature can increase up to 42°C, whereas in winter, the temperature can drop down till -27°C.
That is what it is known for extreme climate city. The best months to visit Beijing are Apri, May, September and October.
6) Beijing airport is the second busiest airport in the world:
By providing the services of over 100 million travelers every year, Beijing Capital International Airport stands no two among busiest airports in the world.
This huge airport is a city on its own with the facility of providing fire department, power generation and law enforcement.
Interesting Historical Beijing Facts:
1) Beijing one of the oldest city in the world:
Beijing is considered one of the oldest cities in the world. Its history is about 3000 years old. Beijing is as old as London, six times older than New York and ten times older than Sydney. The city holds an abundance of recorded destinations such as the Great Wall and the Forbidden City.
2) Beijing has the world seven UNESCO heritage sites:
Beijing is enriched with historical and cultural heritage, including world seven UNESCO heritage sites such as the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven, Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian, the Ming Tombs, and the Grand Canal.
3) The history of roast duck is 600 years ago:
The roast duck history can be traced about 600 years ago. It cooks from all over China crossed to the Forbidden City and then prepared for the Emperor, only the best chefs could enter the palace kitchens.
When the Qing Dynasty ended in 1911, the chefs who left the Forbidden City worked in restaurants around Beijing and brought the Peking Duck to all people.
4) Beijing was the capital of 6 notable dynasties:
Spanning over 21 centuries, Beijing was capital to 6 significant families. This is the reason why Beijing has so many sites to explore such as
- 221 BC: Yan State Capital, Warring States Period
- 1271: Capital of the Yuan Dynasty
- 1402: Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) Capital
- 1644: Qing Dynasty capital
- 1912: Republic of China capital
- October 1, 1949: the People's Republic of China inaugurated by Mao Zedong
Interesting Art And Culture Facts Of Beijing:
1. Beijing is famous for its calligraphy:
Calligraphy's literal meaning is beautiful writing and it comes under the category of visual art of writing. Calligraphy is the art of constructing beautiful symbols by hand and managing them well.
It's a set of techniques and skills for positioning and inscribing words, so they show quality, symmetry, some sort of heritage, rhythm and creative fire. Beijing is known for its fantastic calligraphy, and its popular souvenirs are calligraphy brushes and ink pads.
2. Beijing opera is a famous China's tradition:
If you plan to visit Beijing, then you must visit Beijing opera or Peking opera because it is a traditional form of Chinese theatre and an essential part of Chinese tradition.
This art form includes a combination of song, spoken dialogue, and codified action series. People rehearse their opera singing at parks around the city as well as in opera houses.
3. The Chinese language is based on Beijing dialects:
The official language of China, Mandarin, is mostly based on Beijing dialect and accent. If you want to learn Chinese, the Beijing dialect should be your target to learn.
Interesting Olympic Facts Of Beijing:
1. The bird's nest in Olympic park:
Beijing's Bird's Nest Stadium, contentment of the 2008 Olympic Summer Games with the cost $480 million to build, is now a museum piece costing $11 million a year to maintain, has no regular tenant, and as of 2012 was being used as a Segway race track where tourists can spend $20 to zip around.
It is the world's biggest steel pattern and the most complicated stadium ever designed. It was designed by prolific artist Ai Weiwei.
2. Chinese government announcement for 2008 Olympic:
For the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, the Chinese government announced that people could apply for permits to protest in designated areas. None of the permissions were approved, and many of those who applied vanished or arrested.
3. Beijing 2022 Olympic host:
Beijing will become the first city to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics in the year 2022.
Some More Interesting And WOW Facts Of Beijing:
The longest traffic jam happened in Beijing, which lasted nine days.
In 2015, for two weeks, Beijing banned 2.5 million cars to get wonderful blue skies for a World War II parade.
If drivers stuck in traffic jams in Beijing can call someone to come to them on a motorbike. The driver then hops on the bike while the deliveryman waits out the jam and delivers the car to the destination when traffic clears.
The Beijing Weather Modification Office is tasked with creating rain to end the drought, reduce dust storms and prevent unwanted rain, and that between 1995 and 2003, China added 7.4 trillion cubic feet of rainfall artificially.
China has 170 million surveillance cameras. In Beijing, some tourist sites are using facial recognition to restrict the amount of toilet paper that each person can take.
Beijing is sinking at a rate of 4 inches per year due to the overuse of groundwater for drinking by its massive population.
You have to win a "car lottery" to qualify to buy a car in Beijing.
Beijing restaurants serve food in the family-style, not for only one serving and their food meant to be shared.
Chinese do not speak English; if you want to communicate then you have to keep a diary to write their commonly used words in Beijing.
Breathing Beijing's air for six average days is the equivalent of smoking one cigarette.